Object Methods in JavaScript: Unleashing the Power of Functions within Objects

Object methods are functions that are defined as properties of objects. They allow objects to perform actions and encapsulate functionality. Let’s delve into how to create and use methods within objects.

1. Basic Object Method

Here’s a simple example of an object with a method:

const car = {
  brand: "Toyota",
  model: "Camry",
  start: function() {
    console.log(`${this.brand} ${this.model} is starting...`);

car.start(); // Output: Toyota Camry is starting...

In this example, the start method is a function associated with the car object.

2. Shorthand Method Declaration

In ES6, you can use shorthand method declaration to define methods more succinctly:

const person = {
  name: "Alice",
  greet() {
    console.log(`Hello, my name is ${this.name}.`);

person.greet(); // Output: Hello, my name is Alice.

3. Object Methods with Parameters

Object methods can take parameters, just like regular functions:

const calculator = {
  add: function(x, y) {
    return x + y;
  multiply: function(x, y) {
    return x * y;

console.log(calculator.add(3, 5));       // Output: 8
console.log(calculator.multiply(3, 5));  // Output: 15

4. Arrow Functions as Object Methods

Arrow functions can also be used as object methods:

const person = {
  name: "Bob",
  greet: () => {
    console.log(`Hello, my name is ${this.name}.`); // 'this' will not refer to the object

person.greet(); // Output: Hello, my name is undefined.

However, note that arrow functions do not bind their own this value, which can lead to unexpected behavior.


Object methods in JavaScript provide a way to encapsulate functionality within objects, promoting a more organized and modular code structure. Whether using traditional function syntax or the concise ES6 shorthand, object methods enhance the expressiveness and reusability of your code.

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