ES6 Classes: The Modern Face of JavaScript OOP

Let’s explore ES6 classes, a significant addition to JavaScript that provides a more convenient syntax for working with prototypes and achieving object-oriented programming (OOP) patterns.

ES6 classes offer a more structured and concise way to define constructor functions and work with prototypes. They bring a familiar class-based syntax to JavaScript, making it easier to create and manage objects.

1. Class Declaration

In ES6, you can declare a class using the class keyword. Here’s a simple example of a Person class:

class Person {
  constructor(name, age) { = name;
    this.age = age;

  greet() {
    console.log(`Hello, my name is ${} and I'm ${this.age} years old.`);

// Creating objects using the class
const alice = new Person("Alice", 30);
const bob = new Person("Bob", 25);

alice.greet(); // Output: Hello, my name is Alice and I'm 30 years old.
bob.greet();   // Output: Hello, my name is Bob and I'm 25 years old.

2. Class Inheritance

ES6 classes support inheritance, allowing you to create a subclass that inherits from a superclass. Here’s an example of a Student class inheriting from the Person class:

class Student extends Person {
  constructor(name, age, studentId) {
    super(name, age); // Call the superclass constructor
    this.studentId = studentId;

  study() {
    console.log(`${} with ID ${this.studentId} is studying.`);

// Creating objects using the subclass
const john = new Student("John", 22, "S12345");

john.greet();  // Output: Hello, my name is John and I'm 22 years old.;  // Output: John with ID S12345 is studying.

3. Static Methods

ES6 classes allow the definition of static methods that are called on the class itself, not on instances of the class.

class MathUtils {
  static add(x, y) {
    return x + y;

  static multiply(x, y) {
    return x * y;

// Using static methods
console.log(MathUtils.add(5, 3));       // Output: 8
console.log(MathUtils.multiply(5, 3));  // Output: 15


ES6 classes usher in a new era for object-oriented programming (OOP) in JavaScript, providing a cleaner and more concise syntax for working with prototypes. They bring a structured approach to class-based inheritance, making the language more expressive and developer-friendly.


  • Browser Compatibility: ES6 classes are widely supported in modern browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, and others.
  • Node.js Compatibility: Yes, ES6 classes work seamlessly in Node.js, making them suitable for server-side JavaScript development.


  • Compatibility with TypeScript: TypeScript, a superset of JavaScript, fully embraces ES6 classes and extends their functionality with static typing.

While ES6 classes are a powerful addition to JavaScript, it’s important to consider the environment in which your code will run. If you need to support older browsers, a transpiler like Babel can convert modern JavaScript, including classes, into a more widely compatible version.

Embrace the modern syntax of ES6 classes to enhance code organization, achieve cleaner inheritance patterns, and make your JavaScript development more enjoyable. In the next topic, we’ll delve into the powerful world of object methods. Stay tuned for more insights into JavaScript!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Tag Cloud

.net algorithms angular api Array arrays async asynchronous basic-concepts big o blazor c# code components containers control-structures csharp data structures data types dictionaries docker dom dotnet encapsulation framework functions git guide javascript json leetcode linq lists loops methods MVC npm object oriented programming oop operators promisses sorted typescript variables web framework